Ayutthaya, full name Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, is an ancient capital and modern city in the Central Plains of Thailand, 85 km north of Bangkok.

Ancient Ayutthaya Travel

Ayutthaya History

Ayutthaya was originally founded in 1350 and over the next few decades developed to be the capital of the Siamese Kingdom. Ayutthaya became the second capital of Siam after Sukhothai.

Ayutthaya is like an island surrounded by three rivers that act as natural barriers for defense. In addition, the rivers brought large and small boats from other important towns in the kingdom and from other nations to engage in commerce. Ayutthaya was both the  administrative and the economic center of the kingdom and was filled with a great diversity of people from different areas.


By 1700 Ayutthaya had become the largest city in the world with a total of 1 million inhabitants. Ayutthaya was friendly towards foreign traders, including the Chinese, Vietnamese (Annamese), Indians, Japanese and Persians, and later the Portuguese, Spanish, Dutch and French, permitting them to set up villages outside the city walls. In the sixteenth century, it was described by foreign traders as one of the biggest and wealthiest cities in the East. The court of King Narai (1656–1688) had strong links with that of King Louis XIV of France, whose ambassadors compared the city in size and wealth to Paris.

Iudea Ayutthaya Travel

An Ancient Ayutthaya Map was drawn by a foreign visitor in the seventeenth century seems quite realistic. It shows a neat grid of streets and canals dividing sections of the city into the royal palace areas, government buildings, royal temples and common temples, residential areas, and markets that warranted the city's nickname of "Venice of the East."

Most of the remains are temples and palaces, as those were the only buildings made of stone at that time. The great cultural value of Ayutthaya's ruins were officially recognized in 1991, when the Historic City became an UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Ayutthaya Travel Map

Ayutthaya Tour Map

1. Tourist Information Center
2. Provincial Pillar of Spiritual Unity
3. Wat Burom Phuttharam
4. Chao Sam Phraya National Museum
5. Ayutthaya Elephant Palace & Royal Kraal
6. Khun Phaen's Residence
7. Wat Phra Ram
8. Phra Mongkhon Bophit Trade Center
9. Wihan Phra Mongkhon Bophit
10. Way Phra Si Samphet
11. Ancient Palace
12. King Uthong Monument
13. Wat Thammikarat
14. Phra Ram Park
15. Wat Maha That
16. Wat Ratchaburana
17. Wat Na Phra Men
18. Wat Choeng Tha
19. Wat Tum
20. Queen Suriyothai Memorial
21. Wat Phu Khao Thong & King Naresuan Monument
22. Wat Salapoon Worawiham
23. Wat Tha Ka Rong
24. Wat Thammaram
25. Wat Kasattrathirat
26. Wat Worachet Thep Bamrung
27. Wat Chaiwatthanaram
28. Saint Joseph's Church
29. Wat Phutthai Sawan


30. Portuguese Settlement
31. Pridi Phanomyoung Memorial
32. Wat Worapho
33. Wat Worachettharam
34. Wat Lokayasutharam
35. Chedi Sri Suriyothai
36. Sri Nakakharin Park
37. Wat Khun Muang Chai
38. Thai Boat Museum
39. Wat Racha Praditsatarn
40. Wat Khun Saen National Muse
41. Chantharkasem
42. Wat Boromawaong Ltsarawararam
43. Elephant Kraal
44. Wat Monthop
45. Wat Suwan Dararam
46. Phet Fortressw
47. Wat Phanan Choeng
48. Dutch Settlement
49. Japenese Settlement
50. Wat Yai Chai Mongkhon
51. Wat Samanakottharam
52. Ayutthaya Elephant Village and
     Ayutthaya Floating Market
53. Wat Kudidao
54. Wat Pradoo Songtharm
55. Wat Maheyong
56. Wat Ayouthaya
57. Wat Prayathikaram
58. Wat Som


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